Water crisis in South Africa – how long till it is all wasted up?

South Africa is one of the most diverse countries on the planet and is considered as simply magical by most people. Unfortunately, this country is threatened by an extreme water shortage due to a great drought which could have unbearable consequences for both human being and wildlife.

Cape Region is one of the most endangered areas

South Africa’s Cape region – and with it the metropolitan area surrounding Cape Town – is heavily endangered by the water crisis. The shortage happens to be extremely severe so that South African authorities believe that a so-called “Day Zero” is most likely to happen if there are no measures taken to safe water. In case this really happens, regular water supply will be interrupted for the short term.

Only 50 litres of water per day

In take action against this water crisis and to provide water to every inhabitant of the Cape region, the government of Cape Town exclaimed level 6B of water restrictions by February 2018. What this means: a private household is not allowed to use more than 50 litres of water per person per day – which is the law for the next 150 days.
Also, the recent water shortage has its effects on tourism: hotel chains, bars and restaurants are called upon to actively take appropriate measures to save water. Many hotels decided to empty their pools and to close their steam baths and saunas.
On public toilets the water shortage is present too: there no longer is any soap but antiseptics instead.

Only the half amount of water per day

Cape Town decreased water use from 1.1 billion litres to 585 million litres per day – in summon the half of normal use. The government already published instructions to make saving water easier to Cape Town’s inhabitants and tourists. Among other things, it says that you should turn off your tap during brushing your teeth because most people let the water run without any break. Moreover, showering time should be reduced up to 2 minutes per day in ideal cases; as a positive consequence you only use 10 to 30 litres per day. After showering most hotels in the city provide the opportunity to hang up your towel and use it twice instead of giving it to laundry after a single use – in that way you help save water and reduce waste.
Last but not least, you can use reusable containers (e.g. drinking bottles) since producing a disposable bottle takes six times more water than simply refilling it.

February/March 2018

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Sources:

https://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/de/aussenpolitik/laender/suedafrika-node/suedafrikasicherheit/208400

https://www.dein-suedafrika.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Kurzinfos/FAQ_Duerre_in_Kapstadt_18_02_15.pdf

http://www.capetown.gov.za/Family%20and%20home/Residential-utility-services/Residential-water-and-sanitation-services/Saving-water-in-the-home

https://dein-suedafrika.us14.list-manage.com/track/click?u=9b5797f5b134cd10f7b9975f4&id=11f6be2eb7&e=95eb1c5bcf

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