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Greece

Highlights in Greece

Geography of Greece

Greece is located in south-eastern Europe on the eastern Mediterranean and, including its islands, has a total area of almost 132,000 km². Its capital is Athens. Geographically, the country consists of the Greek mainland, the Peloponnese peninsula and over 3,000 smaller islands in the Aegean, Ionian and Libyan Seas. Greece borders Albania, Northern Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey, the Ionian Sea and the Libyan Sea.
Around 25,000 km² of the country's surface area falls to the countless islands of which almost 90 are inhabited. The ten largest islands are Crete, Euboea, Lesbos, Rhodes, Chios, Kefalonia, Corfu, Samos, Limnos and Zakynthos.

Geomorphology/Geology

Despite its maritime nature, Greece is considered a mountainous country due to its mountainous terrain which accounts for almost 80% of its territory. The Pindus Mountains, the Olymp-Ossa-Pelion mountain range and the Rhodope Mountains on the Greek mainland, the Taygetos Mountains on the Peloponnese Peninsula and the Psiloritis Mountains on Crete are particularly noteworthy. On Mount Olympus you can find the Mytikas, which at more than 2900 m is the highest peak in the country. Impressive rock formations form the Meteora complexes and the Vikos Gorge, which in relation to its width is considered the deepest gorge in the world. The rocky, mountainous landscape is interspersed with green valleys, winding rivers and lakes. Larger plains, which can be used for economic purposes, occur only sparsely.

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Travel Tips and Trivia for Greece

Climate in Greece

Greece's climate can be described as predominantly Mediterranean. Winters are usually mild and humid while summers are dry and hot. While winters are comparatively mild on the coast, they are much cooler inland, often bringing night frosts and sometimes heavy snowfall. Summers are relatively hot both on the coast and in the interior of the country. The average temperature in summer is 29 °C, in winter about 13 °C.

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Flora and Fauna in Greece

Greece has more than 6.5 million hectares of forests. There are hard deciduous plants such as laurel and carob, as well as olive trees, pines, cypresses, palms and various fruit trees. The Greek fir belongs to the endemic trees. In total, Greece's flora comprises about 5,500-6,000 species and subspecies, of which about 20% are endemic. Especially the variety of medically usable plants is remarkable.

The fauna of Greece is characterised by about 900 species. These include geckos, lizards, various tortoises, deer, wild boars, foxes, wolves and bears. An endemic species is for example the kri-kri. The bird world is also extremely rich in species due to various wetlands and lagoons. The country's diverse flora and fauna is protected in ten national parks and two marine national parks.

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Social Geography of Greece

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