If you love nature, culture or sport, or are looking for some relaxation, Thailand is the place for you!
Thailand is part of Southeast Asia and borders Myanmar and Laos to the north. Its neighbours to the south are Cambodia and Malaysia. Thailand extends approximately 1700 km from north to south. The country has a long coastline running to the south. Thailand has the Gulf of Thailand to the east, and the Andaman Sea, a marginal sea of the eastern Indian Ocean, to the west. The mountainous region in the north is dominated by extensive forests. The Mekong River in the Isaan region to the north-east serves as a natural border. The Chao Phraya river crosses the country’s central plains. There are countless islands along the 3219 km of coastline to the south, while the east coast is lined with impressive and steep rock faces.
Thailand can be divided into three main parts: the folded mountains in the North and West, the central low lands of Chao Phraya River and the Khorat plateau in the East. The folded mountains are foothills of the Himalaya Mountains. The famous Tenasserim mountain chain has got a total length of 1.700 km and consists of rocks from Devonian and Carbon age as well as granites from Cretaceous periods. The landscapes of today are formed by erosions and are characterized by rounded structures and peneplains. The central low lands consist of geologically young sediments, which were transported by the strongly meandering Chao Phraya River. All in all they count up to 2.000 m! The delta of Chao Phraya into the Gulf of Thailand is a large and worth seeing area. Thailand’s southeastern part comprises the bays of Bangkok which trend up to the border of Cambodia. The hilly areas in the South developed from glacial events during the last ice age. At the coast you can find high karst hills and chalkstones.
Due to its diverse landscapes Thailand is home to many different species and a so-called hotspot of biodiversity. It is possible to observe wild Asian elephants, Asian black bears, gibbons, bats and plenty of colourful bird species. One of the most characteristic animals of Thailand’s nature is certainly the Asian elephant which occurs mostly in the South. It is smaller than its African cousin but similarly endangered. Since 1986 the Asian elephant is listed on the IUCN red list of threatened species. Main problems are the loss of habitat and destruction of forest due to agriculture. Also other species like white-handed gibbons, otter civets and Siam crocodiles are threatened by this development.
Thailand is characterized by humid tropical temperatures. Therefore, Thailand is the perfect travelling sport all over the year. In case you are a friend of rather lower temperatures you should go there between November and March, when there are average temperatures of 25°C. The mountainous northern part of the country is generally colder than the South. Sometimes even snow and ice can occur there. From March to May it is mostly dry and temperatures rise up to 30 °C. Since the central area is rather hot and humid then, you are well advised to spend your time in the mountains or by the sea. Between June and October there can be heavy rainfalls and the landscapes turns into lush green colours.
In Thailand there is no daylight saving time.
The currency in Thailand is Baht. For the current exchange rate please visit www.oanda.com
All units accord to the metric system.
In Thailand you need an adapter. Some hotels might provide European standardized plugs but this will not be the usual case, especially in low-price accommodations.
If one of these days should be on a Saturday or Sunday, the holiday will be caught up on the following Monday.
Thailand is known as the country of smiling. Generally Thais are nice and helpful towards tourists. Nevertheless there are some rules of behaviour to obey:
There are more than 100 national parks in Thailand, which give you the chance to explore every corner of the country.
The mountainous northern part is a perfect place to go hiking. The beautiful nature will leave you breathless.
The Northeast offers plenty of archeological sites. Besides that you can find “The Mother of Water”, the Mekong River.
Thailand’s central area provides the country’s so-called “rice storage” along the Chao Phraya River. This part is only sparsely populated and recommended to anybody who wants to enjoy some lonely and peaceful moments.
Without any doubt, the South of the country is one of the most popular parts to travel, especially for foreign tourist. The southern peninsula lined with beautiful white beaches and coconut palms is the perfect place to chill out and to enjoy Thailand’s tropical nature. There are plenty of different things to do like diving, snorkeling, sailing and other kinds of water sports, for which you can rent the equipment.
The East coast is usually visited by people who are into climbing and bouldering. Mighty limestone cliffs invite you to a climbing adventure which will reward you by a jump into the crystal-clear water of the ocean. If you want to explore the underwater world, you can rent diving-gear.
When planning your travel you should check the opening hours of any national park you want to visit in advance. Some parks might be closed due to reconstruction and maintenance works.
Koh Lanta Island belongs to the western costal region called Krabi, which is located on the Andaman Sea. Technically the island consists of two islands: The northern part Lanta Noi and the southern part Lanta Yai, which is accessible to tourist. Koh Lanta is mainly covered by dense lush forests in the centre and paradise-like beaches on the coast. All in all 50 small islands belong to Koh Lanta Island, which are mainly uninhabited. The major part of Koh Lanta’s 20.000 citizens lives on fishing.
Koh Lanta is located in the tropical climate zone. Temperatures range from 23°C in the winter and 35°C in the summer. The hot dry season is between December and April, the monsoon season is between May and December. The heaviest rainfalls will be between September and October.
Due to its two parts Koh Lanta is called double-island. The two islands are separated by a natural, one kilometer wide marine strait. Koh Lanta mainly consists of limestone which forms cliffs and caves. On the coast you can find sandstone rocks.
Besides beautiful beaches Koh Lanta is characterized by unique mangroves, rainforests and coral reefs, which are home to plenty of exotic animals.
Water sports lovers will get their money’s worth on Koh Lanta. The island offers many possibilities to go diving, snorkeling and kayaking. Nevertheless it is the perfect place to relax and to get away from the mass of tourist you may see in other places in Thailand.
If you want to explore Koh Lanta’s beautiful abandoned little islands, you can do that by boat or Kayak. Another worth seeing sightseeing spot are the Khao Mai Kaew caves in the centre of the island with their mighty stalactites and stalagmites.
Koh Lanta is part of the famous Mu Koh Lanta National Park, which covers all in all 50 little islands. Further information can be found on the national park’s homepage: https://www.thainationalparks.com/mu-ko-lanta-national-park
You can be sure that the time on Koh Lanta is not getting boring during your days off!