Die Victoriafaelle sind eines der beliebtesten Touristen Ziele Afrikas

Zimbabwe

Highlights in Zimbabwe

Geography of Zimbabwe

The landlocked country of Zimbabwe lies to the south of the equator and is part of the African continent. It borders Zambia to the north-west, Mozambique to the north-east, South Africa and Botswana to the south. It covers 390,757 km², of which 3910 km² are covered by water. The Zambezi River is the northern border of Zimbabwe. The landscape can be divided into three geographical regions: the inland plateau, the Highveld and the Escarpment. The 1,200 m high inland plateau takes up the majority of the country. The peneplains extend between the cities of Harare and Bulawayo. The landscape sinks to the west into the Kalahari basin. The plateau falls away in the north and south towards the Lowveld.

Geomorphology/Geology

The landlocked Zimbabwe is located on the north east of the Kalahari basin. In the north east many lava rocks of relatively young age can be found and also the mountain Inyangani as the country´s highest point (2,592 m) is located in the east. Especially for tourists, the Victoria Falls that are fed by the Zambezi River are a popular destination to visit. Mainly Karoo-Basalt can be found in the region of the falls, which shows a system of orthogonal joints that are filled with sediment. As the filling is less resistant than the basalt, the water found its way into the joints and due to erosion of numerous joints the falls developed over time

Die Victoriafaelle leuchten im Abendrot der untergehenden Sonne

Travel Tips and Trivia for Zimbabwe

Climate in Zimbabwe

In Zimbabwe the climate is subtropical to tropical and temperatures vary with the season. The summer is generally hot and humid in Zimbabwe with temperatures around 35°C and the winter is dryer with around 25°C, whereas the temperatures depend on the altitude of the region. In the capital city Harare the mean temperature is 20°C.

Flora and Fauna in Zimbabwe

Dry savanna with grass of up to 2 m height makes up a major part of Zimbabwe's landscape. Also Miombo and Mopane forests as well as baobab and sausage trees are very characteristic for Zimbabwe's landscape. In higher altitudes also mountain forests and large grass fields are common and in south western regions the remaining teak forests can be found. The country's national flower is the tiger lily.

Zimbabwe has established several Nationalparks to give animals a retreat and a safe and undisturbed habitat. Besides numerous reptiles like chameleon, Nile crocodiles and snakes, also mammals like buffalos, elephants and hippopotamuses are at home in Zimbabwe. Moreover also lions and cheetahs live in this country.

Ein Spitzmaulnashorn durchstreift die Landschaft Simbabwes auf der Suche nach Nahrung
Wasserboecke haben im Vergleich zu anderen Natilopen ein aeusserst struppiges Fell

Social Geography of Zimbabwe

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