Travel Guide Argentina
When it comes to South America’s second largest country, many people think immediately of tango, steaks, gauchos and soccer. But Argentina is much more than that: The unique diversity of landscapes, especially around Patagonia and the Andes, as well as breathtaking nature spots makes this country a must-see for every nature friend and adventure traveler.
Highlights in Argentina
Geography of Argentina
Argentina is located in the Southern part of South America. It shares borders with Bolivia in the North, Paraguay north-east, Brazil in the East, Uruguay south-east and Chile in the West. Its capital is Buenos Aires.
The county’s name is derived from the Latin word argentum, which means silver, because the Spanish conquerors were hoping to find precious metals in that place, when they arrived. Until the end of the Spanish colonial era in 1816 Argentina was part of the Spanish kingdom. Covering an area of 2.8 km² Argentina is the eighth largest country of the world and the fourth largest country of the American continent. Due to its size it covers different climate and vegetation zones.
Argentina's most famous mountains are the Andes, which extend from North to South, along the Chilean border. Many mountains in this area count a height of more than 6000 m. The highest mountain is called Aconcagua (7000 m).
Travel Tips and Trivia for Argentina
Climate in Argentina
Argentina covers nearly all existing climate zones. The North is tropical, but close to the Andes rather dry, the center is more subtropical or moderate and the South, around Patagonia, can be characterized by a cold and, depending on the place, dry or humid climate.
Flora and fauna in Argentina
Due to its different climate zones Argentina reveals a strong variety regarding flora and fauna. In the tropical part in the North of the country there are predominantly rosewoods, palms, guaiacums and palisander. Other vegetation zones are the savanna of Gran Chaco in the far North and pampas in the East, which is characterized by broad grasslands including eucalyptus woods and acacia plant. The flat South of Patagonia is shaded by the Andes. The area is relatively dry, sparse and mainly without any trees, but sometimes lined with some shrubs and herbs, which serve as food for plenty of sheep flocks. In the forelands of the Andes many coniferous forests can be found, the timberline is at 3500 m. In the northern highlands of the Andes there are some arid semi deserts where cactuses and thorn shrubs grow.
The blossom of Ceibos-tree is Argentina's national symbol.
Depending on the climate zone there is a large variety of animals. In the tropical areas monkeys, jaguars, pumas, coatis, anteaters and different reptiles can be observed. Birdwatchers can observe hummingbirds, tucans, parrots and very rare condors. In the pampas there are armadillos, deers and nandus. The highlands are inhabited by guanakos, vicunjas and llamas. Especially the coastal areas of Patagonia are famous for its unique wildlife which is characterized by penguins, seals and sea bears, orcas and other whales.