Bright blue sky above a beautiful beach in Mauritius


Highlights in Mauritius

Geography of Mauritius

The island state Mauritius lies in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and belongs to the Mascarenes. The capital is Port Louis which is located in the west of the 2,000 km2 large island. Besides the main island, Mauritius also includes the islands Rodrigues, Agalega and the Cargados-Carajos Islands.


Mauritius is of volcanic origin. Thousands of years ago enormous volcanic eruptions occurred on a plateau in the Indian Ocean, which led to the formation of several smaller islands. However, most of these islands disappeared again because the volcanic rock was very susceptible to erosion. Today, only Mauritius and the island of La Réunion bear witness to these eruptions. With 828m the highest mountain of Mauritius is the Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire.
Today Mauritius is almost completely surrounded by coral reefs. They slow down the surf which lead to the development of calm lagoons.

Mauritius: Beautiful sunset observed from a tranquil bay

Travel Tips and Trivia for Mauritius

Climate in Mauritius

Mauritius has a pleasant tropical climate all year round. There are two seasons: The warm and humid summer lasts from November to May and brings temperatures of 25-30°C. On average, winter is about 6°C cooler and drier. Precipitation is up to 2100mm annually which is distributed all year round. The mountains in the centre of Mauritius shield the western and northern parts of the island from the strong easterly winds, resulting in sunnier and less rainy weather in the west. The further you get inland, the colder and wetter it gets.

A magnificent bay in the tropical paradise of Mauritius

Flora and Fauna in Mauritius

The original vegetation of the island is the tropical rainforest. Today, however, this can only be found in the few protected areas and in a very species-poor state. With the deforestation of the primeval forests several hundred years ago, most of the native animal and plant species disappeared. A new planting is difficult today, because the young trees lack the protection of the slow growing hardwood plants and bend off in case of frequent cyclones.
Today, there are still a variety of colourful bird species left on Mauritius. Besides you can find some small reptile species like chameleons or lizards. Mammals, on the other hand, are few. Only bats, deer, monkeys and wild boars can be found in the green depths. Life under water is considerably richer in species: numerous species of fish, mussels and snails live in the coral reefs.

Lizards are living in the tropical forests of Mauritius
Looking over a tropical forest in Mauritius, the Indian Ocean in the background

Social Geography in Mauritius

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