Travel Guide Mauritius
There are many reasons why Mauritius can be called a true jewel of the Indian Ocean: Beautiful sandy beaches, turquoise water, countless palm trees and wonderful temperatures – the island’s magnificent landscape fascinates visitors from all over the world. On Mauritius, relaxation and adventure go hand in hand as the country offers numerous opportunities to go hiking, climbing, diving and snorkelling. Our travel guide Mauritius reveals more about the awe-inspiring island state.
Highlights in Mauritius
Geography of Mauritius
The island state Mauritius lies in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and belongs to the Mascarenes. The capital is Port Louis which is located in the west of the 2,000 km2 large island. Besides the main island, Mauritius also includes the islands Rodrigues, Agalega and the Cargados-Carajos Islands.
Mauritius is of volcanic origin. Thousands of years ago enormous volcanic eruptions occurred on a plateau in the Indian Ocean, which led to the formation of several smaller islands. However, most of these islands disappeared again because the volcanic rock was very susceptible to erosion. Today, only Mauritius and the island of La Réunion bear witness to these eruptions. With 828m the highest mountain of Mauritius is the Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire.
Today Mauritius is almost completely surrounded by coral reefs. They slow down the surf which lead to the development of calm lagoons.
Travel Tips and Trivia for Mauritius
Climate in Mauritius
Mauritius has a pleasant tropical climate all year round. There are two seasons: The warm and humid summer lasts from November to May and brings temperatures of 25-30°C. On average, winter is about 6°C cooler and drier. Precipitation is up to 2100mm annually which is distributed all year round. The mountains in the centre of Mauritius shield the western and northern parts of the island from the strong easterly winds, resulting in sunnier and less rainy weather in the west. The further you get inland, the colder and wetter it gets.
Flora and Fauna in Mauritius
The original vegetation of the island is the tropical rainforest. Today, however, this can only be found in the few protected areas and in a very species-poor state. With the deforestation of the primeval forests several hundred years ago, most of the native animal and plant species disappeared. A new planting is difficult today, because the young trees lack the protection of the slow growing hardwood plants and bend off in case of frequent cyclones.
Today, there are still a variety of colourful bird species left on Mauritius. Besides you can find some small reptile species like chameleons or lizards. Mammals, on the other hand, are few. Only bats, deer, monkeys and wild boars can be found in the green depths. Life under water is considerably richer in species: numerous species of fish, mussels and snails live in the coral reefs.