Kakapo – Strigops habroptila
The Kakapo, which can be found in New Zealand, is the heaviest parrot on the planet. This parrot is nocturnal and flightless. It prefers a diet consisting of seeds, roots, leaves and fruits. The bird is extremely vulnerable to new, invasive predators introduced by humans due to their low reproductive rate (the breed every 2-5 years only) and their terrestrial nature. Their range – which spanned most of the North, South and Steward Islands once – has been intensely impacted by human settlement. In the 1990s, many of the remaining birds were taken to the remote Anchor Island, Little Barrier Island, and Codfish Island since their total population was so fragmented and small. In 1999, the remaining population consisted of 36 males and 26 females, of which only 50 percent were of breeding age. The Kakapo is making a comeback due to strict protections, conservation efforts and concerted breeding. The population is on the increase and the total population are about 108 estimated individuals.