Get involved in animal protection and nature conservation in Sri Lanka, in the midst of untouched nature. Sri Lanka is located in the Indian Ocean and can be seen as a true summer paradise due to its tropic climate, the unique nature and plenty of exotic plants and animals. Sri Lanka is surely the perfect place to experience an unforgettable adventure.
Sri Lanka is an insular state which is located in the Indian Ocean, around 237 km east of the south peak of the Indian subcontinent. The population of Sri Lanka counts 20.3 Mio. citizens. The capital is Colombo, de jure it is Sri Jayewardenepura. The shortest distance between Sri Lanka and India is only 54.8 km, this part is also known as Palk Strait. The whole area of Sri Lanka is 445 km from North to South and 225 km from East to West.
Sri Lanka can be divided into three territorial zones: The central highlands with their famous tea growing areas and mountains up to 2500 m, the fertile lowland zone and the coastal zone which is lined with fishing villages and palm-beaches. Sri Lanka's highest mountain is called Pidurutalagala which is 2524 m above sea level.
Due to large numbers of endemic plants and animals Sri Lanka is considered as a “hot-spot of biodiversity”. According to the different rainfall areas the vegetation changes from West to East: In the West tropic vegetation can be found in areas with high quantity of precipitation, in the northern and eastern part of the island there is mainly xerophytic vegetation (plants which are adapted to extreme aridity).
Coco, rice, sugar cane, tea plants, indigo, tobacco, coffee, cinchona and plenty of herbs (cinnamon, chili, curcuma) are the most important cultivated plants in Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka's fauna is full of exotic species monitor lizards, crocodiles and giant snakes like the black-tailed python. People who are into bird-watching will be fascinated by wild-living crows, colourful parrots, cormorants and other exotic birds. Furthermore there are different primates, spotted deers and wild boars. In Sri Lanka there is one of the last places where highly endangered Asian Elephants and Sri-Lanka-Leopards can be observed in the wild.
In contrast to those cats, crocodiles, numerous parrots, peacocks and kingfishers as well as several species of monkeys and in particular many langurs can be seen in the whole country. The tropical rainforests of the southern region are home to Indian elephants and also different species of snakes.
The climate in Sri Lanka is tropical with different quantities of precipitation (depending on the monsoon-season). Temperatures vary from 16°C in Nuwara Eliya in the central highlands to 32°C in Trincomalee on the north coast. The average temperature in the country is between 28°C and 30°C. The coldest month is January, the hottest one is May.
UTC +5:30 hours
In Sri Lanka there is no daylight saving time.
The currency in Sri Lanka is rupee. One rupee is 100 cents. For the current exchange rate please visit www.oanda.com
All units accord to the metric system.
In Sri Lanka the standard voltage is 230 Volt at a frequency of 50 Hertz. Before your departure you should check if you need any adapter for plug-types D, M and G.
Most cities in Sri Lanka are connected by railway lines which are run by the national railway society Sri Lanka Railways. Currently there are governmental initiatives to develop a highspeed-railway-network.
The national Sri Lanka Transport Board coordinates the bus system on the island.
The marine traffic system has got a length of 430 km. The biggest ports are located in Colombo, Trincomalee and Galle. Additionally there is an inland port in Kankesanturai.
In Sri Lanka there are twelve airports. Bandaranaike International Airport is Sri Lanka’s only international airport. It is located in Katunayake, 35 km East of Colombo. Sri Lankan Airlines is the national airline.
The broad grassland of Uda Walawe National Park appears to be a small piece of East Africa. There are herds of water buffalos, sunda deers, crocodiles and thousands of birds and elephants.
The ancient city of Anuradhapura is Sri Lanka’s cultural and religious center and most important historical heritage. The 2000 year-old Maha Bodhi tree and its well documented life-history is one of the most popular sightseeing-spots in Anuradhapura. Moreover you can see hundreds of old monasteries and stupas which emphasizes Anuradhapura’s significance as a historical center of power.
Bundala National Park appears to be a secret place as the crowds mainly focus on Yala National Park. Not only the beautiful nature spots will take your breath away but also the diversity of wild animals such as crocodiles, elephants and plenty of bird species – truly a dreamland to every ornithologist!
The 2243 m high Adam's Peak is not Sri Lanka’s highest mountain, but truly the most famous one. For many Buddhists as well as for many Muslims it is the most important place of pilgrimage in Sri Lanka. Buddhists consider Adam’s peak as Buddha’s footprint, many Muslims as Adam’s footprint. Nowadays there are many foreign tourists who join the pilgrims on their way to the summit to be rewarded by an overwhelming view.
Kandy is Sri Lanka's cultural capital. In one of many temples there is the holy tooth-relic, which is believed to be Buddha's tooth. For many Singhalese people this is the holiest place of pilgrimage on the island. Besides the relic tourist can explore plenty of interesting museums, beautiful lakes and botanic gardens.
The Wasgamuwa National Park in Sri Lanka is located in the districts Matale and Polonnaruwa in the northern Central province of the island state. Founded in 1984, the national park aims at providing a sanctuary and shelter for displaced wild animals. This happened in the course of the so-called “Mahaweli Development Projects” to which three other national parks belong as well. The Wasgamuwa National Park is characterized by its rich biodiversity: on an area of about 39.000 hectares you can not only watch the elephant herds for which the park is famous but also more than 150 different plant, 23 different mammal, 143 bird, and 50 butterfly species.
The Wasgamuwa National Park can be found in the northern Central province more precisely in the districts Matale and Polonnaruwa. 100 km southwest of the park is the city of Kandy. A neighbouring park is the Flood Plains National Park. In the park itself there are the rivers Mahaweli and Amban that serve the animals as a water source. The highest elevation is the Sudu Kanda with a height of 470 m. The park is composed of primary, secondary, and riverine forests as well as grasslands.
The Wasgamuwa National Park belongs to the climatic dry-zone of Sri Lanka. That means that the average temperature is about 28°C and rain falls mostly during the north-eastern monsoon from October to January. The time from July to September is dry season.
The national park is characterized by a rich biodiversity. More than 150 different plant species can be found on the area, one of them being the centuries-old tamarind tree. Not only a number of plant species are domiciled in the park, but you can also watch many different animal species: about 150 elephants find shelter in the natural forests of the park. Other mammal species are amongst others the purple-faced langur, the sloth bear, the water buffalo, or the chital. Furthermore, the Wasgamuwa National Park is one of the most important bird sanctuaries of Sri Lanka. At least 143 different bird species can be found here, eight of them endemic, which means that they only exist in limited areas. 50 species of butterflies grace the scenery with their bright colours while 17 fish species frolic in the two rivers.